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town of Kavarna

See it on the map Bulgarian properties in Dobrich Region - Kavarna

Geography


 The municipality of Kavarna possesses unique nature, which has predetermined its social and economic standing and future development. The municipality encompasses the most eastern part of the Danube plain and is part of Dobrudzha's coastline.
The town is 64 km away from the city of Varna and 49 km away from the town of Dobrich, on the international road E79.
The relief is flat, to flat-hilly. A great part of the territory (over 75%) is taken by fruitful cultivated lands. The picturesque Kavarna coast is 42 km long. It is slightly uneven and small beaches had been formed.

 

Economy


The underground waters in the region are one of its treasures. The region is rich in mineral waters whose qualities are very close to those of drinking water.
There are coal and natural gas fields on the territory of the municipality, as well as non-metalliferous minerals and mineral springs.
The municipality possesses conditions for development of ecological agriculture.
The economic sectors of prior importance for the municipality of Kavarna are agriculture, tourism, light and food industry.
Kavarna's industry has been developed in the field of machine engineering, tailoring and knitwear production, wood processing, production of upholstered furniture, woodwork and ready-made clothes.
One of the most important traits of these types of manufacture is their low energy consumption. And most importantly, they are not bound to the import of expensive resources and materials.
The appropriate use of the region’s natural resources gives possibilities for competitive production, especially in the field of food and beverage industry, which together with the necessity for modernization of the production means is a precondition for the attraction of new partners, creditors, and investors.
Agriculture constitutes the most significant part of the municipality's economy. The region is one of the big agriculture producers in Bulgaria. The climate conditions and land in the region favour the development of plant-growing - grain, industrial crops, and animal fodder plants. Vegetable growing is one of the perspective directions. This could insert a new variety in the production, together with bean, soy, and lentils growing. Vine- and fruit-growing, that had had long traditions in the region, have also been resumed and revived recently. The bases of industrial production of cultivated mussels have also been laid.

The conditions and traditions in the field of stock-breeding predetermine its successful development. Today, efforts are focused in restoring the balance between the production of resources from animal origin and the processing capacities of the municipality, as well as in the establishment of a modern resource basis and the optimal engagement of food and processing industries.

The municipality of Kavarna possesses rich potential and unused resources for the development of sea vacation tourism. It has a very good material basis for the development of cultural, hunting and rural tourism as well.
Kavarna offers wonderful opportunities for development of eco-tourism in all its forms. You can have a family holiday in the cosy environment of a traditional village house in Blagarevo, Kamen Bryag, or Topola. Those who prefer specialized tourism can go watching and taking pictures of birds, plants, dolphins and different kinds of fish at the foreside, or to get acquainted with the rich cultural and historical heritage.

 

Landmarks


CHURCHES
The "Saint George" church was built in 1836 and the "The Assu" - in 1860. Both churches played an important role during the Ottoman rule and after the Liberation as educational and cultural centers. The churches are also related to the fights for the establishment of an individual municipality in the region. Their architectural structure and precious icons make them sites of great interest.

HAMMAM
The Turkish Hammam (baths) is a very significant monument of culture in the frames of an interesting for visitors tourist site. It was built in the beginning of the 15th century. The Hammam is massive stone tholos baths. Together with the original fountains dating back to the same period near the baths, the Hammam is a very interesting architectural ensemble. It has been completely restored. Its hypocaust, thermal and water installations have been cleaned and are open. The bathing cabin (changing cabin) in front of the entrance was situated tier upon tier in a half-circle.

THE OLD FOUNTAINS
These were 12 spring fountains situated along the valley to the port. A part of them were destroyed and the rest were restored recently. The great amount of spring water forms a small river. It is used for putting a few mills and a primitive water-mill into motion.

THE OLD PORT BARNS
Six of the grain barns at the port of Kavarna have been recognized as architectural monuments from the Revival period. The complex was built with solid curved stone blocks part of which had been taken from the Chirikman cape fortress. The complex had been shaped as a small Revival style settlement with interesting architecture and narrow coble-stone streets. During the Balkan war, the settlement was put to a severe bomb attack by the Turkish cruiser "Hamidie" that had been later torpedoed and destructed by Drazky ship.

STONE BRIDGE
The stone bridge is a very interesting architectural site. It was built by local workmen during the Revival period and is the only one in the region. It has the typical for the time arch-like form, and was built over the small river that collects the waters from the numerous fountains along the ravine leading to the sea coast. The bridge is located in the skirts of Sheytan Bair hill.

THE ETHNOGRAPHIC COMPLEX
The ethnographic museum represents the oldest and most significant and specific architectural treasure of the population from the region. It is an old house from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The house belonged to a rich family. Its interior reveals the customs and culture of the people inhabiting that part of the country; premises typical of Dobrudzha houses, tools from the culture and the daily round of the people. Specific craftsmanship like lace-knitting and slipper-making are also comprised in the complex.

 

Popular places of interest in the district

The resort of Roussalka is situated south of the Yailata area, 23 km from Shabla and 90 km north-east of Varna. Lying among the coolness of an age- old forest, it's one of the beautiful north Bulgarian resorts. The coast here is dented by some picturesque bays, bordered by rocks and greenery. There is a small lake near the shore. A holiday village with small snug little houses, perched on the ledges, is located in the south part of this paradise place, around the Birds' Bay. It includes restaurants, bars and other neat places of public resort. There are also a small shopping centre and a quay.

The Kaliakra cape is 12 km east of Kavarna and 60 km in north-east of Varna. It is the most beautiful and the strangest place in the Bulgarian northern Black Sea. The narrow rocky peninsula is cutting 2 km into the sea as a wedge and this promontory ends with 70 m high vertical rocks. They are conglomerates, formed in the previous shallow sarmatian sea. Ferrous oxides give to the cape a crimson colour. It is compared to a blazing sward, cutting the greenish-blue waters of the sea, and the vertical sides make it impressive and unapproachable. Its name - Kaliakra means "a beautiful cape". It has been renamed several times during the centuries. Due to the inaccessibility of the rocks a fortress was built as far back as the remote past. Thracians called it Tirizis, Romans - Acra, and Byzantines - Acres Castellum. Its present name - Kaliakra - is accepted under the Bulgarian ruler of Dobrotitsa. In 1444 the troops of Vladislav Varnenchik stopped near the cape during their campaign against the Ottoman Empire.
Many legends are related to the cape's name. The most popular story relates of how 40 girls with hairs and arms entwined jumped into the sea to evade falling into Ottoman hands. Today an obelisk called "The gate of the 40 maidens" is erected in the entrance of the Kaliakra Cape. The discovered remains of the antiquity are exhibited in a small archaeological museum.
Today the region is a beautiful natural reserve where cormorants nest and starlings and blackbirds live in the caves. Dolphins in the sea are really interesting because they are some of the rare representatives of the Bulgarian Black sea fauna.
The region is also attractive with the bright flowers, blooming in spring and summer. A weather station, a chapel, a lighthouse and a restaurant are built on the cape.

Kamen Bryag
Between Shabla and Kavarna is situated the Yaylata area, well known as Kamen bryag (Stone shore). Here the plateau of Dobrudza is indented in terraces. In this way were formed many creeks, surrounded by stone blocks and verdure. Exactly on such kind of terrace is situated this land, declared an archaeological reserve, because a Thracian necropolis and prehistoric cave-dwellings have been discovered.
There are two starting points.
The first is called The Little Yayla and a path leads near to the sea, where the caves in the high part of landslides were adapted to living. These were small occupations where primitive way of life.
The Big Yayla is famous with the ancient Thracian necropolis with two- chamber tombs, dating II century. One of the caves is quite deep and has a round opening on the ceiling-probably used for leading the smoke. A path will lead you to a fortified wall with remains of stone tubs and a wine press.
Those lands have been inhabited by Thracians, Greeks, Romans, Slavs and Proto-Bulgarians, who used to render homage to their gods.
Except for the remains of ancient civilizations, the place is famous for the variety of flora and fauna. The rocks echoed by numerous bird species. Many reptiles take cover in the rock cracks, and bushes, globe flowers and fig trees are marvellous decoration of this quiet place, which let your fancy roam.

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