Kazanlak is administrative center of Kazanlak municipality, it is part of Stara Zagora region.
It is the 10th biggest industrial center in the Bulgaria, with a population of 61,779 people as of 2005. It is located near the geographic centre of the country. Kazanlak is a capital city of the famous Rose Valley.
The region around Kazanlak has been inhabited for thousands of years, with traces of civilization going as far back as 2000 BC.
In the 4th century BC, near the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis and close to the city, the Thracian Tomb was built. Consisting of a vaulted brickwork "beehive" (tholos) tomb, it contains, among other things, painted murals representing a Thracian couple at a ritual funeral feast. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
The current city of Kazanlak was founded in the 1300s out of a strategic need to protect the Shipka Pass.
The city lies at the eastern end of the famous Rose Valley. It is flanked with mid-height mountain ranges on opposite sides, and is especially marvellous in May when rose fields blossom and the fragrance is unparalleled. The beautiful celebrations for the blossom of the roses there takes place in the first week of June. The whole week is filled with different attractions every day. That week is also interesting, because there is a beauty pageant and on the last day of the celebrations, the most beautiful girl in the city is chosen. They call her "The Queen Of Roses". According to The Ultimate Visual Encyclopedia, Bulgaria is the major supplier of a certain type of rose oil in the world and Kazanlak's rose gardens are the largest rose gardens in the whole world. It is the only place in the entire world that can grow this certain rose.
Prominent among Kazanlak's manufacturers is Arsenal Corp. Founded in 1924, it manufactures and develops a wide range of military equipment, including small arms (especially AK-47 models), anti-aircraft missiles, and heavy machine guns. Also located in the city is M+S Hydraulic, a manufacturer of hydraulic components. Kazanlak has three textile factories, one for woolen cloth, the second producing thread of different types and the last producing cloth from synthetic materials. Finally, Kazanlak is home to a rose oil factory.