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Bulgarian properties in Varna Region - Devnya
The town of Devnya is located in about 30 km away from the city of Varna. It is situated in a small valley and is surrounded by low limestone hills, the end slopes of Stara Planina mountain and the Dobrudja plateau. It is only opened to the east towards the Beloslav lake and the sea. The population is 9 416 people.
The town of Devnya as we know it today was established in 1969.
The predecessors of the modern town were the Roman and Early-Byzantine town of Marcianopolis (established in106 by Emperor Marcus Ulpius Trajanus to celebrate his victory over the Dacians) and the Medieval town of Devina. Marcianopolis was named after the beloved sister of the Emperor Marcia. The town had a long and turbulent history. One could still get acquainted with the lifestyle of the Romans - many remains have been revealed.
After the Slavs and the Proto-Bulgarians settled in today's North-Eastern Bulgaria during the first decades of the VII-th century the name of the city has disappeared from the historical sources.
Devnya region is very well developed economically. The industry is developing in the following aspects: production of industrial salts, fertilizers, heating energy, production of construction materials, sugar etc.
Some of the major chemical plants in the country are operating on the territory of the municipality: Solvey Sodi JSC, Agropolichim JSC, Polimeri JSC.
The construction industry is developing in two major directions - production of construction materials and construction activities.
Varna Zapad Port is of major importance to the municipality. It provides the transportation of raw materials to and the ready production from the industrial enterprises.
The railway transportation is well developed, and serves both the needs of the industrial economy and of the residents of the area.
The Hemus highway (Varna-Sofia) is passing through the territory of the municipality, as well.
- The Museum of the Mosaics represents Roman and Early-Byzantine mosaics from the Roman town of Marcianopolis. The Museum was build by the project of the architect Kamen Goranov over a part of the Antique remains of the building were the mosaics were initially created. It was built at the end of the 3rd and the begining of the 4th century AD. The building was repaired and remodelled many times until it was demolished in the beginning of the 7th ccentury. The mosaics have been made using classic techniques such as opus tesselatum and opus vermiculatum. They are made of small rocks - with a cubic shape (tessers), made of marble, limestone, baked clay and coloured glass (smalta) in sixteen different colours. They represent characters and scenes from the Greek-Roman mythology, exotic animals and birds, plant and geometric motives. Among the most valuable and well-preserved exhibits are: the Gorgone-Meduse mosaic, the Satire and Anthiope mosaic, the Seasons mosaic, the Papone Voluti mosaic etc.
- The natural landmarks in the area are the 30 Karst springs, most picturesque of which is "The Magical Spring" of which many legends have been told.
- Near the town is located the Pobiti Kamani natural formation. It consists of several groups of natural rock formations on a total area of 70 km². The formations are mainly stone columns between 5 and 7 metres high and from 0.3 to 3 metres thick. The columns do not have solid foundations, but are instead hollow and filled with sand, and look like they are stuck into the surrounding sands, which gives the phenomenon its name. There are a number of theories regarding the phenomenon's origin, divided roughly into two groups — supporting an organic or a mineral origin. According to the former, the formations are the result of coral activity, while the latter explain the phenomenon with the prismatic weathering of the rocks, the formation of sand and limestone concretions, or lower Eocene bubbling reefs.