Chirpan (20 468 citizens, 180 meters above sea level) is located in the central part of the Gornotrakiiska (Upper Thracian) lowland, mostly along the left bank of Tekirska River. Chirpan is located 201 km south-east of Sofia, 51 km east of Plovdiv and 39 km south-west of Stara Zagora. It is an administrative centre and is the third biggest city in the region after Stara Zagora and Kazanlak.
Chirpan is considered the heir to the Roman settlement Sherampol, which was established close to the Roman town of Pizus (the Hissarluka Area close to the village of Rupkite, 7 kilometres to the north of today's Chirpan). Chirpan has been accepted that Sherampol (translated "the city of nice friends") was established by fleeing refugees. The present name of the Chirpan is supposed to derive from the Roman Sheramnol although todays town emerged at a much later stage - most probably in the 17th century around Tekira Springs under the name of Dzherpan.
The Museum of History and Archaeology, House-Museum "P. K. Yavorov" (22, Kracholovi Str., in the centre of the Chirpan). Among the personal belongings are the inkpot and the watch of the poet as well as a part of his library. The house of G. Danchov (the centre of the Chirpan, now an entertainment establishment offering Bulgarian cuisine) is a supreme example of Bulgarian Revival Art. Tyankov's House and Manchevs House stand out with their exceptional architectural design of the past century. One of the few remaining horse-driven mills in the country is preserved in the yard of the latter. Both houses are now modern restaurants with authentic 19th century interior, which make them unique attractions to all visitors. One of
the most interesting and best-preserved houses from the beginning of the 20th century now hosts Bulbank Office. The Holy Mother Church, built in 1846 is one of the 4 oldest churches of its kind in the Chirpan. Every year Chirpan celebrates January Days of Yavorov - a festival of literature and art in honour of the great poet. Every odd year the Chirpan hosts the National Contest for Country Music Performers "Atanaska Todorova" in memory of the great Chirpan born singer.
Merichleri Balneological Resort is located 17 kilometres to the east of the Chirpan. It's mineral waters have a temperature of 34 C degrees and an output rate of 12-15 litres/min. The water is excellent for curing intestinal diseases, liver and gall dosorders. One can reach the resort by the regular bus or by the train to Dimitrovgrad. 8 km north-east of Chirpan one can visit the remains of the Roman fortress. The Granitski oak-tree is the oldest tree in Bulgaria (over 1600 years of age) and stands in the village of Granit (20 kilometres north-west of the Chirpan, easily accessible by regular bus). The Kamenna Svatba (the "stone wedding") is a natural phenomenon of stone 25 km north-west of Chirpan and 2 km from the village of Medovo with regular bus lines. Yagach Hunting Park (5 km west of the town) is an excellent place for recreation, sports and hunting. The Ethnographic Museum in the village of Spasovo (8 km to the north with regular bus lines) is another point of interest.
The town of Chirpan is located in the central part of Bulgaria and includes a part of the Sredna Gora mountains (the Chirpan heights), and a the Maritsa River valley which runs through the Upper Thracian Plains. The minicipality region covers an area of 524,025 decares with an average altitude of 400 meters above sea level. The climate in the region is temperately continental; soils are rich, thus conducive to the development of agriculture. The natural mineral water springs are not utilized and provide a great opportunity for the outside investor interested in bottling and exporting quality natural spring water.
The population of the municipality numbers 30,000 residing in the town of Chirpan and the remaining villages. Chirpan is the cultural and economic center of their region and the residence of the municipal administration. Particularly attractive for the investor are the agricultural and animal breeding sectors, with an expansion program of irrigated land and the water supply needed the possibilities are limitless.
Chirpan is the birthplace of a number of famous Bulgarian artists and musicians, most notably Peyo Yavorov, one of Bulgaria's greatest poets.