Bankya is a small and picturesque town, 6 km west of Sofia. It is located in the vicinity of Lyulin Mountain. The town is very green and sunny, with a moderate continental climate, light mountain breeze, healing mineral springs (temperature 36.5 oC) - all these determine the development of Bankya as a prestigious national and international resort, an ecological reserve of Sofia.
Bankya balneotreatment resort is a resort of international importance. During the archeological excavations in the region many years ago remains of churches, ceramics and coins dating from the Roman times have been found.
Bankya developed as resort for rehabilitation of cardio-vascular conditions with highly specialized functional diagnostics ( many for post-infraction conditions and heart operations, arterial hypertonia). It is suitable for treathment of cardio-vascular diseases, nervous system disturbances, metabolic disturbances.
An operating complex for recuperation, prophylactics and fitness of rheutism of children was found. The specialists are satisfied with the established durable positive results and favourable curative effect of the tratment of cerebral palsy of children, neurois, thyreotoxicosis of adults, etc. Good effect is achieved on functional disease of the nervous system.
Annualy over 140 000 natives and foreigners visit Bankya. There is a specialized clinic for cardiovascular diseases and collagenosis of maturing at the Medical Academy-Sofia. Successfully are applied pre- and post- operative rehabilitation of children suffering from congenital heart diseases.
The balneomedical building is one of the most impressive buildings in the resort. This is due to its unique architecture and partly to the modern medical equipment of the dozens of diagnostical and remedial cabinets, serving thousands of people every day.
Most attractive is the remedial basin. The first physio-prophylactical ground in the country is here. Specialized physicians and methodologists in curative physical training help dozens of ill people to revive their shaken health.
The first Bankia inhabitants are Thracian tribes from 2500 ago. During archeological excavation works around Verdikal Quarter, remains have been unearthed from Roman constructions, walls, sewerage, bronze bracelets of the IV-V c. BC. A Turkish tax register from XV century keeps written documents for the existence of Bankya as a village.
In 1969 Bankya is declared a town, and in 1979 it is differentiated as a district of Sofia.
The predominant buildings in the town are from the period 1950-1980, distinguished in several quarters and holiday house areas close to the center. Bankya has development perspectives as a location for year-round living, vacation, sports and entertainment complexes and tourist zones.
There are several state schools in the town - Comprehensive High School No. 78 Hristo Smirnenski at 19 Hristo Smirnenski Str., Vocational High School in Tourism at 5 Al. Stamboliyski Blvd., and also many private schools - Daga (5 Tzaribrodska Str.), Foti (2 Panaiot Volov Str.), Druzhba (63 Varna Blvd.). At 5 Tzaribrodska Str. there is also the Daga Kindergarten. Bulgaria Primary School is located at 11 Kiril i Metodiy Str. In the near-by Ivanyane village there is a Private High School Euro School Rovel at 66 Leonid Alexeevich Str.
The cultural monuments, the temples, the tennis complex, the national race course, the mineral beach, the proximity of the Lyulin Mountain, the numerous cultural events organized during the traditional festivities of the Goreshliatsi mineral water are among the many landmarks of the town.